The Evolution of Transportation
What is the real need that pushes manufactures and others, to try to reach such ambitious goals?
The consideration of human safety and protection of products in transit?
The increase in traffic congestion?
The answer can be found in each of these questions.
Lately, business needs and peoples mobility habits have changed dramatically. These changes have led to a radical change, both for the transport industry and the number of vehicles involved in automotive collisions due increasing traffic volume and social problems.
Several countries s since the late eighties have worked on and promoted a number of research projects aimed at not only optimizing but improving existing systems by creating and managing the transport industry by creating integrated systems by dynamically connecting vehicles, infrastructure and it passengers.
In this way users and cars themselves will be able to send and receive real time information on transportation, risks, road conditions, traffic conditions, etc. This systems is called ITS (intelligent Transport and Transportation Systems)
The ITS SYSTEMS are defined as the result of synergy and the integration of several knowledge’s such as, telecommunications, information technologies and electronics. Transport engineering aims to improve the driving experience and the safety of the vehicle. ITS can be divided according to their application field in two big different groups
ITS for ADAS VEHICLES: Advance Driver Assistance Systems and Autonomous Driving.
ITS INFRASTRUCTURE INTELLIGENT INFRASTRUCTURE:
Infrastructure-side systems for traffic management, dynamic speed control, information to travellers on weather, road conditions and traffic. Navigation, forecast traveling time, telematics road fee collection, fleet managements, user trafficking and much more.
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION OF ADAS SYSTEMS
Advance driver-assistance is systems developed to improve safety and better driving. Safety features are designed to avoid collisions and accidents by offering technologies that alert the driver to potential problems or to avoid collisions by implementing safeguards and taking control of the vehicle. The ADAS system can be classified in two families: