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The Evolution of Transportation

 

What is the real need that pushes manufactures and others, to try to reach such ambitious goals?

The consideration of human safety and protection of products in transit?

 

The environment?

 

The increase in traffic congestion?

 

The answer can be found in each of these questions.

Lately, business needs and peoples mobility habits have changed dramatically. These changes have led to a radical change, both for the transport industry and the number of vehicles involved in automotive collisions due increasing traffic volume and social problems.

 

Several countries s since the late eighties have worked on and promoted a number of research projects aimed at not only optimizing but improving existing systems by creating and managing the transport industry by creating integrated systems by dynamically connecting vehicles, infrastructure and it passengers.

 

In this way users and cars themselves will be able to send and receive real time information on transportation, risks, road conditions, traffic conditions, etc. This systems is called ITS (intelligent Transport and Transportation Systems)

 

The ITS SYSTEMS are defined as the result of synergy and the integration of several knowledge’s such as, telecommunications, information technologies and electronics. Transport engineering aims to improve the driving experience and the safety of the vehicle. ITS can be divided according to their application field in two big different groups

 

ITS for ADAS VEHICLES: Advance Driver Assistance Systems and Autonomous Driving.

And

ITS INFRASTRUCTURE INTELLIGENT INFRASTRUCTURE:

 

Infrastructure-side systems for traffic management, dynamic speed control, information to travellers on weather, road conditions and traffic. Navigation, forecast traveling time, telematics road fee collection, fleet managements, user trafficking and much more.

 

DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION OF ADAS SYSTEMS

Advance driver-assistance is systems developed to improve safety and better driving. Safety features are designed to avoid collisions and accidents by offering technologies that alert the driver to potential problems or to avoid collisions by implementing safeguards and taking control of the vehicle.  The ADAS system can be classified in two families:

 

 



 Advanced Driver Assist System

 

 

 

 

Texa Diagnostic Tool

PASSIVE: THEY PROVIDE A WARNING TO THE DRIVER WHO MUST REACT ACCORDINGLY

 

ACTIVE: THEY CAN TAKE CONTROL OF THE VEHICLE TO AVOID AN ACCIDENT

 

Lane departure warning: Based on the evolution of optical data from a camera system, the lane departure system warns the driver if their vehicle approaches a detected lane boundary marker and is likely to leave its lane.

 

Adaptive Cruise Control: The adaptive cruise control helps the driver to maintain an even speed combined with a pre-selected time interval to the vehicle ahead. The driver sets the speed and distance to the car in front.

 

Anti-collision Brake Assist System: This system is an aid to assist the driver when there is a risk of colliding with a pedestrian, cyclist, or vehicle in the front that are stationary or moving in the same direction. Basically it avoids rear end collisions.

 

Park Assist System: This system supports the driver in parking maneuver. It turns the steering wheel automatically. The control of the accelerator, the gear and the brake is left up to the driver. Some improved systems can also manage these functions.

 

We have explained just a few features that the ADAS system can offer as an insight into the marvelous evolution if the transportation industry. Each and every day the industry improves and releases new technology to support the ever changing world of Autonomous vehicles.