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Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS)

Vehicles are now making the switch from autonomous driving to Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) which is the newest addition to vehicle safety and better driving.  ADAS systems can alert drivers to potential problems on the roads and can even take control of the vehicle when necessary – applying the emergency brakes if the vehicle was to collide with anything, for example. 

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What is the real need that pushes manufactures and others, to try to reach such ambitious goals?

The consideration of human safety and protection of products in transit?

 

The environment?

 

The increase in traffic congestion?

 

The answer can be found in each of these questions.

Lately, business needs and peoples mobility habits have changed dramatically. These changes have led to a radical change, both for the transport industry and the number of vehicles involved in automotive collisions due increasing traffic volume and social problems.

 

Several countries s since the late eighties have worked on and promoted a number of research projects aimed at not only optimizing but improving existing systems by creating and managing the transport industry by creating integrated systems by dynamically connecting vehicles, infrastructure and it passengers.

 

In this way users and cars themselves will be able to send and receive real time information on transportation, risks, road conditions, traffic conditions, etc. This systems is called ITS (intelligent Transport and Transportation Systems)

 

The ITS SYSTEMS are defined as the result of synergy and the integration of several knowledge’s such as, telecommunications, information technologies and electronics. Transport engineering aims to improve the driving experience and the safety of the vehicle. ITS can be divided according to their application field in two big different groups

 

ITS for ADAS VEHICLES: Advance Driver Assistance Systems and Autonomous Driving.

ADAS systems work through a camera that is fitted to the centre of the windscreen. The camera then relays important information about the conditions of the road ahead to the ADAS so that the system knows when to activate automated safety measures.

This includes monitoring blind spots, pedestrians and proximity to other objects, so it is important that the camera is calibrated to offer the best possible surveillance of the vehicle and road.

 

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ITS INFRASTRUCTURE INTELLIGENT INFRASTRUCTURE

Infrastructure-side systems for traffic management, dynamic speed control, information to travellers on weather, road conditions and traffic. Navigation, forecast traveling time, telematics road fee collection, fleet managements, user trafficking and much more.

These systems have been updated nearly every year, with leaders such as Almotive drawing the path for many other vehicle manufacturers worldwide. Almotive's mission seems to be creating a driverless car, which will soon become a reality by 2025. 

 

 

 

How Does ADAS Work?

ADAS systems work through a camera that is fitted to the centre of the windscreen. The camera then relays important information about the conditions of the road ahead to the ADAS so that the system knows when to activate automated safety measures.

This includes monitoring blind spots, pedestrians and proximity to other objects, so it is important that the camera is calibrated to offer the best possible surveillance of the vehicle and road.

DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION OF ADAS SYSTEMS

Advance driver-assistance is systems developed to improve safety and better driving. Safety features are designed to avoid collisions and accidents by offering technologies that alert the driver to potential problems or to avoid collisions by implementing safeguards and taking control of the vehicle.  The ADAS system can be classified in two families:

 

PASSIVE: THEY PROVIDE A WARNING TO THE DRIVER WHO MUST REACT ACCORDINGLY

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ACTIVE: THEY CAN TAKE CONTROL OF THE VEHICLE TO AVOID AN ACCIDENT

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Lane departure warning: Based on the evolution of optical data from a camera system, the lane departure system warns the driver if their vehicle approaches a detected lane boundary marker and is likely to leave its lane.

 

Adaptive Cruise Control: The adaptive cruise control helps the driver to maintain an even speed combined with a pre-selected time interval to the vehicle ahead. The driver sets the speed and distance to the car in front.

 

Anti-collision Brake Assist System: This system is an aid to assist the driver when there is a risk of colliding with a pedestrian, cyclist, or vehicle in the front that are stationary or moving in the same direction. Basically it avoids rear end collisions.

 

Park Assist System: This system supports the driver in parking maneuver. It turns the steering wheel automatically. The control of the accelerator, the gear and the brake is left up to the driver. Some improved systems can also manage these functions.

 

Windscreen installation and repairs has a major affect on the ADAS system. Since any misaligned camera can affect almost every ADAS system so if your vehicle is fitted with any of the following technologies you will need to have your windows installed by a experienced and certified ADAS screen repairer.

  • Adaptive cruise control
  • Adaptive high beam
  • Glare-free high beam
  • Adaptive light control
  • Automatic parking
  • Automotive navigation system providing up-to-date traffic information
  • Automotive night vision
  • Blind spot monitor
  • Collision avoidance system
  • Crosswind stabilisation
  • Driver drowsiness detection
  • Lane change assistance
  • Driver monitoring system
  • Emergency driver assistant
  • Forward collision warning
  • Intersection assistant
  • Hill descent control
  • Intelligent speed adaption/advice
  • Lane departure warning system
  • Pedestrian protection system
  • Traffic sign recognition
  • Turning assistant
  • Vehicular communication systems
  • Wrong-way driving warning